History of Guilin

The history of Guilin, one of the most popular tourist destinations in China, extends 12000 years. In that time, it was the time of the Zengpiyan People who were in the matriarchal clan society.

In 314 BC, a small settlement was established along the banks of the Li River.

During the Qin Dynasty's (221–207 BC) campaigns against the state of Nanyue, the first administration was set up in the area around Guilin.

In 111 BC, during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, Shi An County was established, which could be regarded as the beginning of the city.

In AD 507, the town was renamed Guizhou.

The former county name, Lingui, was first given during the Tang dynasty (618–907). 

In the Song Dynasty (960-1127), Guilin was the capital of the area encompassed by the modern Guangxi Autonomous Region and Hainan Province. 

Under the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911/12) dynasties, it became Guilin superior prefecture; under the Qing it was also the provincial capital of Guangxi. 

In 1912 it reverted to county status as Guilin, and the provincial capital was moved to Nanning. It again became the provincial capital in 1936 but was replaced for a second time by Nanning in 1949.

In 1921, Guilin became one of the headquarters of the Northern Expeditionary Army led by Sun Yat-sen.

In 1940, the city acquired its present name.

From November,1944 to July 28,1945, Guilin was occupied by the Japanese invader. 

Guilin was liberated on November 22, 1949. 

In 1981, Guilin was listed by the State Council of China as one of the four cities (the other three being Beijing, Hangzhou and Suzhou) where the protection of historical and cultural heritage, as well as natural scenery, should be treated as a priority project.

In 1982 the State Council of China listed the Lijiang River Scenic Zone in Guilin among the first group of the major places of scenic and historic interest, which is now in the charge of the Administrative Bureau of the Lijiang River Scenic Zone in Guilin.

In 2014 as part of the South China Karst, Guilin karst landform was inscribed on the World Natural Heritage List by UNESCO. The South China Karst is one of the world’s most spectacular examples of humid tropical to subtropical karst landscapes. It is a serial site spread over the provinces of Guizhou, Guangxi, Yunnan and Chongqing and covers 176,228 hectares. It contains the most significant types of karst landforms, including tower karst, pinnacle karst and cone karst formations, along with other spectacular characteristics such as natural bridges, gorges and large cave systems.

On Feb 24, 2018, the State Council of China (China's cabinet), has approved Guilin to build innovation demonstration zone to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.